Consolidated Guidelines on HIV Prevention, Diagnosis, Treatment and Care for Key Populations

World Health Organization (WHO)


These guidelines aim to: provide a comprehensive package of evidence- based HIV-related recommendations for all key populations; increase awareness of the needs of and issues important to key populations; improve access, coverage and uptake of effective and acceptable services; and catalyze greater national and global commitment to adequate funding and services. The guidelines explicitly address “critical enablers,” including laws and policies, addressing stigma and discrimination, community empowerment, and addressing violence.

Type of Document:
Consolidated guidelines document on HIV prevention, diagnosis, care, and treatment for five key populations. Provides normative guidance and a package of interventions.

Audience Intended:
Individuals and organizations engaged in health programming for key populations.

Populations Experiencing Stigma and/or Discrimination:
Five key populations: MSM, people who inject drugs, people in prisons and other closed settings, sex workers, transgender people (and also vulnerable populations, e.g. adolescents in certain situations or contexts).

Stigma and/or Discrimination:

Assess and/or Address:

Functions as in-depth recommendations and guidance keyed to key populations, so not a “tool” in the sense that several others are, but the package of interventions would be used in design and implementation stages particularly for policy.

This document goes beyond stigma and discrimination in health care settings but includes attention to these issues.
See section 5.2 (p.96) including bit on training and sensitizing health workers. Also see supplement: ?ua=1 (Background generally)

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