Understanding and Challenging Stigma towards Men who have Sex with Men: Toolkit for Action (Cambodia)

International Center for Research on Women (ICRW), Pact International, United States Agency for International Development (USAID)


To support progress by Government, NGOs and CBOs by: raising the understanding of service providers and the community on MSM, gender issues underlying MSM, and how stigma and lack of human rights fuels HIV transmission. Building public awareness and support to stop stigma and discrimination toward MSM. Fostering support for health workers and other service providers to develop new codes of practice for how they counsel, test and treat MSM patients.

Type of Document:
Toolkit for working against stigma and discrimination towards MSM, adapted for use in Cambodia.

Audience Intended:
Facilitators of training, organizations working in this sphere, with the aim of helping (among others) health workers, police officers, and community members become more aware of stigma and discrimination toward MSM and what can be done to change it.

Population Experiencing Stigma and/or Discrimination:

Stigma and/or Discrimination:
Both – and distinction explained.

Assess and/or Address:

This toolkit uses a participatory approach based on discussion, small group activities, pictures, stories, and other methods. It includes a flexible collection of optional exercises. Exercises can be used with a single target group (e.g., health workers or MSM); or with a mixed target group (e.g., combining health workers, MSM, and community members together). They can be combined into a three to five day workshop, or a single community meeting, or short sessions given once a week over several weeks (e.g. to a MSM support group or the staff of a health facility), or two to three exercises introduced as part of a longer and broader training program on HIV and AIDS.

Adapted for use in multiple countries; see other listings.

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