Understanding and Challenging Stigma towards Injecting Drug Users and HIV in Vietnam: Toolkit for Action

Institute for Social Development Studies, International Center for Research on Women (ICRW), United States Agency for International Development (USAID)

TOOL DESCRIPTION


Aim:
a) Educate service providers, law enforcement agents, rehabilitation center officials, and the community about addiction, the lives of injecting drug users and how stigma and lack of human rights fuels HIV transmission.
b) Build public awareness of the problem of stigma and discrimination toward injecting drug users as well as support and commitment to stop stigma and discrimination.
c) Get service providers, law enforcement agents, rehabilitation center officials, and the community to start developing new codes of practice for how they counsel, test, and treat IDU/drug addict patients.
A key aim of the toolkit is to help injecting drug users break out of a life on the margins, build improved relations with their families and communities, reassert their rights, protect themselves and their partner from HIV and other STIs, and get better access to health services.

Type of Document:
The toolkit is a collection of educational exercises to explore, understand, and challenge stigma and discrimination toward IDUs.

Audience Intended:
Facilitators of training; to be used by individuals and organizations that are working to stop stigma and discrimination toward injecting drug users. One of the aims of the toolkit is to help its key target audiences, including health care workers, police officers, and community members, become more aware of stigma and discrimination toward IDUs and what can be done to change it.

Population Experiencing Stigma and/or Discrimination:
IDUs.

Stigma and/or Discrimination:
Both – and distinction explained, but more on stigma and usually combined.

Assess and/or Address:
Address.

Implementation:
The toolkit comprises a collection of optional exercises. These exercises can be used with a single group (e.g., health workers or drug users) or with a mix of groups. The toolkit can be used to hold a five-day workshop or a single community meeting; to conduct short sessions once a week over several weeks (say to an IDU support group or the staff of a health facility); or to conduct two or three exercises as a way to introduce a longer and broader training program on HIV and AIDS.

Comments:
Part of the “Understanding and Challenging” series, see other entries.


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